Automated Vehicle Safety Consortium Launches Best Practice for Car Interaction Specific to Cars and Vulnerable Road Users

Best Practice to Facilitate Industry/Public Communications, Calibrate Expectations and Improve Adoption of SAE Level 4 and Level 5 ADS Equipped Vehicles

WARRENDALE, Dad., Aug 10, 2022 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ — The Automated Vehicle Safety Consortium™ (AVSC), a program from SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®), has the AVSC Best Practice for Interactions between Automated Driving System-Dedicated Vehicles (ADS-DVs) and Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs)). At a high level, VRUs are essentially any human road user who is not in a vehicle. While individual ADS developers may have exceptions, AVSC describes three simple criteria to clarify discussions of ADS interactions with VRUs.

The variety of characteristics and behaviors in the many groups of VRUs adds unique challenges to ADS development. There is currently no consensus on all factors to consider during ADS interaction with VRUs, but in general safety during traffic interactions can be improved when all actors have a general understanding of the world around them and how they interact with each other . The document has been developed from the perspective of an ADS-DV operating without relying on external digital communications (i.e. interacting with VRUs that are not connected through a digital communications device such as vehicle-to-pedestrian, vehicle-to-bicycle, or vehicle – to infrastructure).

“This new best practice establishes common terminology and provides readers with insight and a framework to help understand a baseline of the challenges posed to evaluate ADS-DV interactions with VRUs. The content can be used to enhance communication between industry and the public, to help calibrate the expectations of all road users, and wider adoption of SAE Level 4 and SAE Level 5 ADS-equipped vehicles,” said Dr. Edward StraubExecutive Director, AVSC.

ADS developers may refer to this document for considerations regarding interactions between SAE Level 4 and SAE Level 5 fleet-managed ADS DVs and VRUs. Non-experts should better understand the challenges during these interactions. This appreciation and shared framework for interactions should ultimately lead to greater adoption of ADS-DVs.

For more information about the AVSC, please visit:

About Automated Vehicle Safety Consortium™ (AVSC)
The Automated Vehicle Safety Consortium™ (AVSC) is an industry program of SAE Industry Technologies Consortia® (SAE ITC) that builds on principles that provide information and help lead to industry-wide standards for advancing automated driving systems. The members of this consortium have long been focused on developing safe, reliable and high-performance vehicles and are committed to applying the same principles to SAE Level 4 and Level 5 automated vehicles so that communities, government agencies and the public can be confident that these vehicles are used safely.

About SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®)
SAE Industry Technologies Consortia (SAE ITC®) is a subsidiary of SAE International. The SAE ITC team specializes in setting up and managing consortia by providing proven processes, tools and resources. SAE ITC enables public, private, academic and government organizations to connect and collaborate in neutral, pre-competitive forums, enabling the creation and implementation of strategic business improvements in high-tech industries worldwide.


Jeff Laskowski
SAE International
[email protected]

Media contact

Jeff LaskowskiSAE International, 248.925.4770, [email protected]

SOURCE SAE International