If you’re trying to imagine the world of connectivity, it wouldn’t be wrong to expect sci-fi movie-esque scenes: IoT devices on your EV relay charging status to your toast machine while you’re having breakfast. Your windshield acts as a 3D map while driving and your family tracks your movements on the map while watching smart TV.
Above is just a small glimpse of the future where connectivity will imbue electric vehicles and smart cities with various futuristic technologies. These improvements, listed below, will also herald a new era in fleet management, in which big data, connectivity and artificial intelligence (AI) emerge as the key pillars.
5G: The fifth-generation mobile network technology will enable super-fast communication with minimal latency and increase the data flow capacity of networks 100 times more than 4G. For example, 5G can help 1 million devices connect in an area of just 1 km2, paving the way for intelligent traffic systems with billions of data points.
IoT: From the telematics devices on connected vehicles to the dashboards powered by advanced fleet management systems, the Internet of Things (IoT) will be the skeleton of the connected ecosystem of the future. According to Statista, there will be 75 billion IoT devices by 2025, reflecting only the massive traffic networks of the 2030s. IoT provides many critical benefits for fleets, including fuel economy optimization, preventive maintenance and route optimization.
Big data: Big data enables fleet managers to make the right decisions about day-to-day operations, such as driver performance and behavior, vehicle condition, asset and driver locations, route information, fuel consumption, preventive maintenance, and more.
Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI is at the heart of comprehensive data analytics, taking data analytics to a new level and unleashing innovations to increase fleet efficiency. Machine Learning (ML), representing the cream of the crop of big data, is the next step in achieving fleet efficiency by creating tailor-made fleet management systems for fleets.
Over the air (OTA): With OTA, connected vehicles can receive software updates wirelessly over mobile networks, eliminating the time for technical maintenance.
Mobility-as-a-service (MaaS): Among the new mobility solutions, MaaS is a continuously growing industry that helps fleets improve efficiency and reduce costs by enabling viable transportation options.
Automated Vehicles (AVs): According to Berg Insight, there will be 71 million self-driving cars on the road by 2030. From food delivery robots in public areas to driverless trucks, automated vehicles will deliver lower fuel consumption, lower maintenance costs and better optimized fleet operations and safety.
drone: Drones will revolutionize last-mile delivery by enabling fleets to deliver critical goods and supplies to remote areas and save the day in emergencies. Drones also help fleets to eliminate congestion at all times.
Vehicle-to-grid (V2G): V2G systems will enable the power bank potential of EVs, allowing them to transfer excess energy to the grid when needed and recharge during off-peak hours. EVs can also charge hardware in homes and businesses, enabling cost efficiency.
3d printing: Instead of wasting days in a repair shop, future fleets will download and print the parts to be replaced without needing a delivery. 3D printed EV fleets will also significantly reduce operating costs.
Virtual reality (VR): VR headsets will one day become the best driver training tools, eliminating all the complex processes of adopting EVs. On the other hand, augmented reality (AR) technology will enhance the advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and safety functions of connected fleets, displaying navigation and notifications in the driver’s field of view.
Blockchain: Blockchain, which represents a decentralized network, does not rely on a central control point while at the same time providing high security and transparency, allowing all parties on a blockchain to monitor transactions. The secure storage and transfer of information enables fleets and OEMs to track vehicle and asset movements, improving supply chain security. In addition, fleets can make digital payments for fuel and maintenance. Another bonus is smart contracts, which eliminate fraud thanks to the transparency of the blockchain.Advances in vehicle connectivity
Vehicle connectivity: The integration of 5G, IoT and cloud technologies will activate new capabilities of connected cars, greatly enhancing their capabilities for producing and sharing data:
- Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) allows cars to relay information about road conditions, congestion and weather, while reporting other incidents between vehicles.
- Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2:I) enables cars to communicate with the road network and cities, so that they can be routed around roadworks and the best route determined to avoid congestion and hazards.
- Vehicle-to-X (V2X) allows vehicles to communicate with any smart device, via the internet or a dedicated radio frequency, improving navigation and real-time warning systems.
These connected and digital technological innovations will build the fast and efficient transportation, logistics and supply networks of the future. In years to come, ordering a modular battery pack via drone delivery could become a common feat.